Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC)

Israel

Disengagement Plan Talking Points

The Israeli Knesset endorsed a plan on October 25, 2004 to unilaterally disengage from the Gaza Strip. On August 15, 2005, Israel removed all civilian settlements and military installations from the Gaza Strip and evacuated four settlements in Northern Samaria. The disengagement was completed August 23, 2005.

Disengagement Statistics

  • 8,000 people from 25 settlements were asked to leave their homes, some having lived in them for over 2 decades. 42 day-care centers, 36 kindergartens, 7 elementary schools, and three high schools were closed.
  • 5,000 schoolchildren were placed in new schools.
  • 38 synagogues were left and subsequently desecrated and destroyed by Palestinian mobs.
  • 166 Israeli farmers and 5,000 Palestinian workers lost their source of income.
  • 48 graves in the Gush Katif cemetery, including those of 6 residents murdered by terrorists were exhumed and moved to cemeteries in Israel.

To learn more, visit The Cabinet Resolution Regarding the Disengagement Plan.

Security Fence Talking Points

Palestinian suicide terrorists have targeted coffee shops, buses, shopping centers and other public places. Since 2000, nearly 1,000 innocent civilians have been murdered. Many more have been injured or left orphaned. Today, Israel has erected a security fence to stop terrorists from attacking its population centers.

  • The Fundamental Right of Self-Defense
    • It is the elementary responsibility of all governments in the world to protect the lives of their citizens.
    • The anti-terrorist fence is a passive, temporary and effective measure against suicide terrorists.
  • Temporary Fence, Not Permanent Wall
    • When the terrorism stops, there will be no further need for an anti-terrorist fence.
    • The fence is not a concrete wall, the sections where a solid wall has been built represent only 5% of the total anti-terrorist fence project.
    • Walls were built only in areas where the threat of sniper fire is immediate (such as adjacent to the Trans-Israel Highway), or in areas in which it was impossible to build a fence for topographical reasons.
  • Fence Route
    • The fence's route protects as many Israelis as possible while including as few Palestinians as possible on the western side of the fence.
    • The fence's route was determined according to security considerations, as well as local topographical factors.
  • The Fence Has Proved Effective
    • Not a single Palestinian suicide bomber has entered Israel from the Gaza Strip, which has been surrounded by a similar security fence since 1995.
    • Before construction of the fence In Samaria (between April and December 2002) 17 suicide attacks were committed as a result of infiltration from Samaria. After the construction of the Samaria fence, there were only 5 attacks by terrorists.
    • In Judea where there is no fence, there were 10 suicide attacks between April and December 2002. In 2003, there were 11 attacks by suicide terrorists infiltrating from Judea.
  • Humanitarian Considerations
    • The fence will go on public land wherever possible.
    • When private land is used, the landowner maintains ownership of the land and receives monthly compensation. Palestinian farmers will have access to their farms.
    • Nearly 40 gates have been constructed that are meant to ease access for farmers to their fields, and facilitate passage for students to their schools.

To learn more, see the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs' The Fence that Makes a Difference or download the JCRC Security Fence flyer.

The new Palestinian Authority government

On March 17, 2007, the Palestinian Legislative Council ratified the establishment of a new national unity government. Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh read out the new government's platform, which clearly reflects Hamas' ideology: no recognition of the right of the State of Israel to exist, adherence to "resistance" (i.e., violence and terrorism) as a "legitimate right" of the Palestinians, and a demand for the implementation of the "right to return"

To learn more, read The New PA Government: Composition, Platform, and Implications

The State of Israel's Policy Towards the Palestinian Government

On March 18, 2007, the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated

In light of the fact that the new Palestinian government, based on the platform formulated and approved by it, does not accept the principles of the international community: recognition of Israel's right to exist, elimination of terror and the dismantling of terrorist infrastructure, and recognition of the agreements signed with Israel including the Roadmap, Israel will not be able to work with the government or any of its ministers.